Brigadier General Cadmus M. Wilcox

Cadmus Wilcox
Cadmus Wilcox' brigade was part of Richard Anderson's division in A. P. Hill's III Corps. The brigade consisted of five Alabama regiments--8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, and 14th--Arriving at Gettysburg on 1 July, Wilcox' brigade was posted about a mile south of the Chambersburg Pike, near Black Horse Tavern. On the morning of 2 July, Wilcox moved to Seminary Ridge and from there it was posted in Pitzer's Woods. While there it was involved in heavy skirmishing with about 100 of Hiram Berdan's sharpshooters accompanied by about 200 men of the 3d Maine, both units from Daniel Sickles' III Corps, who were ordered to reconnoiter and find the end of the Confederate lines. This skirmish, though not in itself important, had major implications for each side in the battle to come. For the Confederates, it led Robert E. Lee to conclude that that the Federal left was in Pitzer's Woods, when in fact they were not. For the Union, it helped convince Sickles that he was about to be attacked and, with the departure of John Buford's cavalry, that he should extend his lines forward to the Emmitsburg Road.

Longstreet's en echelon assault began at about 4:30 PM with the movement of John B. Hood's division, Lafayette McLaws joined about an hour later, and Wilcox at about 6:00 PM. He was opposed by Andrew Humphries' Second Division, III Corps. As the Confederate attack swept up Cemetery Ridge, it was the flag of the 11th AL that Winfield Hancock ordered William Colvill, Jr. and the 1st Minnesota to take as Hancock stalled for time until Federal reinforcements arrived.

On 3 July, Wilcox's brigade along with Edward Perry's Floridians, commanded by David Lang, were assigned the task of supporting the right flank of George Pickett's division during the assault on Cemetery Ridge. While not engaging infantry, Wilcox withdrew after suffering over 200 casualties from Federal artillery fire.

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Photo: Library of Congress
Created 10 NOV 1999; Modified 24 JUL 2014