12-Pounder Napoleon-Confederate Manufacture

12-pdr. Napoleon (CSA)
The 12-pounder field gun was developed in France in the 1850s and was named for Emperor Napoleon III. At Gettysburg, it made up 39% (107/272) of the total Confederate field pieces. The C.S.A. version of the 12-pdr. is distinguished from the U.S.A version by the lack of a muzzle swell, the tube being straight. The Napoleon fired solid shot, shell, spherical case, and canister. In overall effectiveness it had no peer.

Bore Diameter 4.62 in (11.73 cm)
Tube Material Bronze
Tube Length 66 in (168 cm)
Tube Weight 1,227 lb (557 kg)
Powder Charge 2.5 lb (1.13 kg)
Range (5 Elevation) 1,619 yd (1480 m)
At Gettysburg 107

Thomas, Dean S., CANNONS: An Introduction to Civil War Artillery. Thomas Publications, Gettysburg, PA, 1985.
Coco, Gregory A., A Concise Guide to the Artillery at Gettysburg. Thomas Publications, Gettysburg, PA, 1998.

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Photograph by Peter Schwartz
Created 17 OCT 1999; Modified 22 OCT 1999